Want to discover one of the oldest countries in the World? Want to know more about Armenia starting from the origin to nowadays? You will have the brief summary of the Armenians’ history . Find out the secret of the Survival of this small but resistant Nation.
Let’s start our acquaintance with the Biblical Land Armenia. The information about the origin and the history of the country is taken either from the local or from foreign sources, such as: Sumerian, Greek, Hitite, Persian inscriptions and the historians. The Sumerian sources inform us about Aratta (from Ararat) country 28th-22th centuries B.C.. That was a theocratic contrysimilar to Egypt and Sumeri. The main god-protector of Aratta was Hayk, the son of god creator Haya who created the human beings from clay. Armenians have been called their country as the Land of Hayk for more than 4000 years.
The Armenian Highland is situated between Mediterranean, Caspian and Black seas. You can find the Armenian Kingdom of Van or Urartu on the famous 5th century B.C. Babylonian map (tablet). In the 1st century B.C. Armenian Kingdom was from Caspian Sea to Mediterranean.
The First Christian Nation
In 301 the Armenian Kingdom was the first to proclame Christianity as the only religion.
Many powerful countries wanted to obtain this important position ( such as Assyria, Babylon, Rome, Persia, Byzantine Empire, Arabic Khalifat, Seljuk Turks, Mongols, Ottoman Empire, Russia, etc ). Armenia has been devided between other countries for several times . That’s why there is Western Armenia and Eastern Armenia. Armenians didn’t have indipendence on the Armenian Highland for almost 900 years (1045-1918).
Armenian Kingdom away from the Armenian Highland
After the collapse of the Armenian kingdom a new one was formed near the Mediterranean Sea-the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia (1198-1375).
The Ottoman Empire(1300-1918) obtained the Western part of the Armenian Highland, where there lived 2.000.000 Armenians before 1914.During the WWI the program of the elimination of the Armenian Nation was turned into life in the Ottoman Empire.1.500.000 Armenians where cruelty killed the others were deported to the Syrian deserts.
Thanks to foreign missionaries hundrers of thousands of Armenian orphans were taken to different parts of the World. Eastern part of the Armenian Highland was under Russian control and patronage until 1917 ( Soviet Revolution). In 1918 the Turkish army entered Armenia. The aim of the Turkish government was the elimination of the Nation, for the Armenian People the Victory was the question of Existance. There where three main battles between the Armenian People and the Turkish regular army . Armenian People Won thank’s to genius leaders and generals, thanks to the faith and the unity . On May 28 of 1918 Yerevan was proclamed the capital of the First Republic of Armenia and became the symbol of the Revival of the Nation. In 1920 Armenia became one of the Soviet Republics.
1920-1991- Soviet Armenia
In the Soviet period Armenian cultural and industrial life was as active as in other soviet republics. The discussion of any National question was strictly prohibited. No one could speak about the Genocide, even the survivors were not allowed to speak about their life of that period (until 1960-s). Armenian provinces of Artsakh ( Nagorno Karabakh) and Nakhijevan were given to the Eastern neighbor Soviet Azerbaijan.
1988-1994 Artsakh (Karabakh) Movement
In the period of Perestroika the Armenians thought they could start speaking about the reunion of the two provinces to the Soviet Armenia. The provinces, as mentioned, were given to Soviet Azerbaijan in 1921-1923. Though according to the referendum results the local population wanted to be reunited with the Mother Armenia, they had a different response from Baku and Moscow. After massacres of the Armenians living in the Soviet Azerbaijan, after the perpetual bombardment of the capital of Nagorno Karabakh, Armenians were ought to fight for their Existence one more time. The Armenians fought 1 against 10, but the Faith, the Unity and the desire of Existance was stronger than the number of the enemy. So, in 1994 the Armenians Libarated Artsakh!
Independent Armenia since 1991 or the Secret of the Existence
What saved this Nation from elimination? The strong Faith, the National Church, the Language and the Unity. Armenia is eager to obtain its own role in the World, saving the historical and cultural heritage, remembring the ancestors and looking forward.